April 4, 2023

Using AI to Analyze Mental Disorder Symptoms?

Chances are, you have already heard of ChatGPT or DALL·E, which have been talked about all over the internet, in classrooms, and by the coffee machine. These two Artificial Intelligence (AI) programs developed by OpenAI have gained incredible momentum because of what they enable their users to create. The first one lets people create any type of text in a matter of seconds, while the second one lets users generate any image.

Less known though, AI is being increasingly used in the field of mental health to identify and diagnose mental health disorders. This is a significant development in the field of psychology, as AI technology can be used to provide an accurate and timely diagnosis of mental disorders, which can help in early intervention and prevention.

Virtual Psychology is proud to be one of the leading programs in this space, developing AI and machine learning programs to diagnose mental disorders by analyzing symptoms, behaviors, and other factors following established medical standards such as the DSM-5.

I. AI in Mental Health

AI is increasingly being used in the field of mental health to assist with the diagnosis and treatment of mental health disorders. AI can potentially transform how mental health practitioners approach the diagnosis and treatment of mental health disorders.

This offers new possibilities for mental health practitioners, giving them the opportunity to work smarter, be more efficient and accurate in their diagnosis, as well as collaborate with more ease.

Overview of AI in mental health

AI refers to the development of computer systems that can perform tasks that typically require human intelligence, such as perception, reasoning, learning, and decision-making.

Important to note though, AI can’t do without clinical judgment from a mental health professional.

How AI can assist with diagnosis and treatment

AI can assist with mental health diagnosis and treatment in several ways. For example, AI tools can analyze patient data and identify patterns that may indicate a mental health disorder by using very large data sets.

For mental health, AI can be used to analyze patterns in a patient's behavior, speech, and social interactions to identify potential mental health disorders. In addition, AI tools can be used to personalize treatment plans based on a patient's individual symptoms and preferences.

On a bigger scale, personalized treatment and predictive modeling can also help reduce the risk of developing disorders in certain groups of patients by analyzing patterns and establishing potential causes.

Furthermore, AI tools can also help practitioners in monitoring patient diagnostic assessment through treatment and adjust treatment plans as needed.

Benefits of using AI in mental health

The benefits of using AI in mental health are numerous for practitioners, patients, and society as a whole.

For practitioners, AI tools can assist in more systemic and informed diagnosis quickly, leading to earlier intervention and more effective treatments. AI can also assist in personalized treatment plans, leading to better patient outcomes and reducing the risk of misdiagnosis or inappropriate treatment. In addition, it can free-up time for therapists to focus more on being present for their patients, potentially leading to better human interactions and therapeutic alliance. 

For patients, AI can provide increased accessibility to mental health care, lower costs, and better outcomes. In some cases, AI can give better access to care for patients living in areas with limited access to mental health and help with the screening and prevention of developing a disorder. New AI-powered mental health solutions can make treatment options more affordable than traditional therapy, making mental health care more accessible to a wider range of patients. 

Moreover, although it can’t replace professional treatment, some AI apps are already providing users with emotional support in their everyday life, with daily check-ins and messages, something that doesn’t enter the scope of traditional therapy.

At a group scale, AI has the potential to have a significant impact on mental health too. Some large organizations are already rolling out AI-powered programs for workplace well-being initiatives. These programs use AI to analyze employee data and provide personalized recommendations to improve their mental health and well-being while generating data sets to observe trends and be reactive.

II. Understanding AI in Mental Health Diagnosis

We are only at the premise of what will be possible with the capabilities of AI for mental health diagnosis.

Types of AI used in mental health diagnosis

There are several types of AI used in mental health diagnosis, including Natural Language Processing (NLP), machine learning, and deep learning. 

NLP enables AI to understand and interpret human language, which is particularly useful for analyzing textual data such as patient notes, transcripts, and social media posts. 

Machine learning involves algorithms that can learn from data and improve their accuracy over time, which is helpful for identifying patterns and predicting outcomes. 

Finally, deep learning is a type of machine learning based on similar principles of connectivity as the human brain and is particularly adept at image and speech recognition, and NLP.

How AI analyzes mental disorder symptoms

For example, AI analyzes mental disorder symptoms by processing large amounts of data and identifying patterns and correlations that might not be apparent to human practitioners. AI algorithms can analyze patient data from a variety of sources, including electronic health records, imaging tests, and genetic data. By combining this data with patient interviews and assessments, AI can assist practitioners in making systemic and informed diagnoses faster.

Advantages of AI over traditional diagnosis methods

One of the main advantages of AI is that it can process large amounts of data quickly and accurately. When used correctly and with clinician oversight, it can lead to fewer errors and increased efficiency.

AI can also analyze data from multiple sources, which can provide a more comprehensive picture of a patient's mental health status.

Additionally, AI can learn and improve over time, leading to more accurate diagnoses and treatment plans.

III. Virtual Psychology's Diagnostic Tool

Virtual Psychology tasked its development team with creating advanced programs that could integrate computer science and clinical psychology. Our focus was on developing a computational implementation of mental health diagnostic assessment standards, the Rorschach test, and the DSM-5. 

The Diagnostic Program (DxP) is a software that helps mental health professionals diagnose patients by managing their diagnostic assessments. One of the most advanced features of this program is its in-training machine-learning symptom analysis tool. This tool uses intake or case notes, or even a list of prominent symptoms, to identify the most probable DSM-5 diagnoses. The DxP AI diagnostician makes it easier for mental health professionals to accurately diagnose their patients and provide effective treatment.

Overview of Virtual Psychology

Virtual Psychology was founded with the goal of offering innovative tools to mental health clinicians and researchers, enabling them to make better and more accurate diagnostic assessments (more about Virtual Psychology).

Our platform provides clinicians with access to an online diagnostic tool, the DxP, that can assist in identifying mental disorders. The tool uses dynamic algorithms in conjunction with the clinician data to ensure a DSM-5-like diagnostic process and provides the clinician with diagnostic-related information and analytics, including associated symptoms, risks, progression, and differential diagnosis.

Adhering to the diagnostic process delineated in the DSM-5, the DxP is intended to provide the clinician with maximum control over the diagnosis. The final diagnosis is made based on the clinical interview, criteria text descriptions, and clinician’s judgment.

Maintaining the highest level of data safety via full HIPAA compliance, Virtual Psychology diagnostic assessment tools are affordable and available for mental health professionals located across the globe, in the hope of elevating the mental health standard of care worldwide.

How Virtual Psychology’s diagnostic tool works

The DxP is a diagnostic program based on the North American psychiatric model, which utilizes well-defined criteria to establish a diagnosis. This program serves as a bridge between advanced computation and traditional clinical work, empowering mental health practitioners to apply the DSM-5 more accurately and effectively. With the DxP, practitioners can enhance their knowledge and precision in the diagnostic process.

The clinician starts by compiling patient data through a series of online decision-tree assessments. The tool uses algorithms to analyze the clinician data and identify patterns and correlations related to mental health disorders according to the DSM-5. 

The Virtual Psychology toolset is particularly noteworthy for establishing a basis to investigate the connections between coded responses to the Rorschach test, DSM diagnoses, and mental disorders. For instance, we can endeavor to enhance the test's nomothetic predictive validity by linking test results, such as Constellations, with particular mental disorders or groups of disorders.

Examples of diagnoses

Virtual Psychology’s AI mental health diagnostician is in training. As a machine learning tool, it already identifies a wide range of mental health disorders and helps clinicians come to better-suited treatments more efficiently.

For example, the DxP has been used to accurately diagnose depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, autism, and substance-use disorders. 

IV. Limitations and Challenges of AI in Mental Health Diagnosis

Ethical considerations

One of the main concerns with using AI for mental health diagnosis is the ethical implications. While AI can provide a fast and accurate diagnosis, it is not capable of empathy or human connection, which are essential components of mental health treatment. Additionally, there are concerns about the potential for biases in the algorithms, which could lead to inaccurate or discriminatory diagnoses.

AI diagnostic programs such as the DxP are important tools, but they are designed to assist experienced clinicians, not replace them. With these new technologies, clinical judgment still applies and the diagnostic analysis must be confirmed by the practitioner. 

Limitations of AI diagnosis compared to human diagnosis

While AI can provide many benefits in mental health diagnosis, it is not without its limitations. AI algorithms are only as accurate as the data they are trained on, and they may not always account for the complexity and nuances of human behavior. Additionally, AI cannot yet take into account factors such as cultural differences, family history, or personal experiences, which can be important considerations in mental health diagnoses.

Furthermore, as efficient and high-tech as AI can be, it can still make errors. In practice, AI can potentially introduce unknown and hard-to-find errors. That is why learning to use the tools, experience using them, and of course practicing professional judgment is crucial for mental health practitioners.

Today most sophisticated programs are of no comparison to the contextual capability of the human cortex. More than that, our brain's structure and functionality are based on millions of years of evolution. It is not realistic to expect that the reverse engineering of such complexity will be an easy task.   

Challenges with data privacy and security

Mental health data is sensitive information that must be protected from unauthorized access or misuse. However, AI algorithms require large amounts of data to be trained effectively, which brings up concerns about data privacy and security. Mental health professionals must ensure that patient data is stored securely and that AI algorithms are developed and implemented in compliance with data protection regulations.

At Virtual Psychology, security is embedded into our tools and website with full HIPAA compliance designed into our program.

We do not share our data with commercial advertisements. In fact, we think that some of the deepest flows of today's tech implementation are the business model of using data for advertisement revenue. In VP we value the human mind more than the money.

We believe tech can enhance our creativity and ingenuity, and it should not be used for advertising campaigns of mass unconscious manipulations to generate revenues.

IIV. VP approach for using AI in Mental Health Diagnosis

  • Sound clinical judgment is crucial to the accuracy of our programs. 
  • For example, we set the arbitrary “match %” of the AI to present low percentages, in order to emphasize the crucial rule of the professional clinician with the patient’s diagnostic assessment.
  • The DSM used the terms ‘diagnosis’ and 'disorder' interchangeably. In the DxP we mainly used the term 'diagnosis', to emphasize the limitations of 'tagging' the complexity of the clinical condition.
  • Patient Privacy - VP offers a HIPAA compliant computational environment. We store only two general personal identifiers: the patient’s gender and approximate age. They are the minimum information needed for the accuracy of our program. 


Virtual Psychology’s diagnostic tool is a significant development in the field of mental health, providing an accessible and affordable way for practitioners, researchers, and students to get accurate diagnoses for mental disorders. Mental health professionals should stay informed about the latest developments in AI technology and explore ways to integrate them into their clinical practice.

The use of AI and machine learning in mental health diagnosis has significant advantages. Furthermore, as AI technology continues to develop, it holds great promise for improving the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders around the world. ​

March 14, 2023

Applying the DSM via the DxP Diagnostic Process

The DxP dynamic algorithms of the DSM-5

Clinicians around the world turn to the DSM-5 for its methodological approach to the diagnosis of mental health disorders. The DSM nosologic system is a common language for practitioners to gather and exchange patient information and enables consistent and reliable diagnoses. Yet, it isn’t the easiest tool to use.

Typically, mental health practitioners would consult their DSM-5 handbook to fine-tune or research their diagnostic by going through chapters and pages. Analyzing the symptoms under each disorder to match them as best as possible with their patient. Although the method becomes faster over time, this antiquated process was greatly improved with the DxP diagnostic program.

The DxP uses dynamic algorithms to analyze the clinician input in correlation with the DSM-5, and provides diagnostic information and recommendations, including related symptoms, risks, progression, and differential-diagnosis. At each stage of the diagnostic process the program assists you in reaching an informed, detailed, and precise diagnostic assessment for your patient. The program expedites the clinician diagnostic assessment, and helps reaching a DSM-5 diagnosis and ICD faster.

While maintaining the highest level of data safety via full HIPAA compliance, the DxP is intended to provide the clinician with maximum control over the diagnosis. The final diagnosis is made based on the clinical interview, criteria text descriptions, and clinician’s judgment.

Never heard of a symptom analysis before? With the DxP you don’t need to search for the best disorder categories, rather you can start directly with the patient’s clinical picture symptoms and the DxP AI program generates the best disorder matches. The more detailed the symptoms entered, the more accurate and precise the results from this machine-learning mental health diagnostician.

Does using the DxP really make a difference? Yes. Studies and meta-analyses show consistent findings of improving diagnosis when using actuarial systems. With the DxP, the DSM-5 is algorithmized, easier to use, and with heightened accuracy.

How the DxP simplifies the DSM-5 diagnostic process

The DxP was developed with practical applications in mind. Throughout, the diagnostic process is ongoing. Starting at the initial referral stage and ending with treatment termination, all of a patient’s diagnostic information is stored in one place, with its full history and analytic reports.

Convenient, for each patient, a diagnostic assessment record is kept with options to edit and review, add new tests, or make new diagnostics.

Secure, Virtual Psychology’s DxP program is HIPAA compliant, ensuring patient information secrecy by strictly collecting general identifiers only (gender and approximate age). For more information about our patient privacy measures, see our HIPAA security documentation.

For practitioners, applying the DSM-5 is easier than ever

Mental health practitioners can enjoy a number of benefits from using the DxP in their clinical practice or research. With the DxP, applying the DSM-5 is not only more accurate and reliable, but it is also faster.

The DxP is easy to use and provides you with a systemic and informed diagnosis quickly. With the DxP’s Diagnoses Checker, detailed descriptions of symptoms, behaviors, and functioning can be entered. Within seconds, the DxP proposes the most likely diagnoses for you to review and establish a precise diagnosis. You may also use the Diagnoses Clusters to explore mental health disorders in categories, or the Diagnoses Lists to search through all the DSM-5 by disorder name or ICD-10-CM.

Moreover, the DxP goes way further than attaching a disorder to a patient’s ID. It also takes you through a diagnostic process that systematically evaluates the patient through the DSM-5’s methodology. The program provides information about each diagnosis and presents the criteria for the diagnosis. The diagnostician entries are saved and the program sets the appropriate specifiers of the diagnosis, with interactive scales for severity, duration, remission, and other clinically relevant specifiers of the diagnosis.

Though rigidly adherent to the DSM, the program accuracy requires clinical judgment and the clinician has ultimate control over the diagnostic process and its results.

With the integration of the program’s methodological approach and the clinician’s clinical judgment, the diagnostic process is straightforward to establish and the resulting analysis is insightful.

[case-study link]

The DxP strengthens students of the DSM-5 in their learning

At a time when the need for more mental health care is becoming a recognized issue, and with it a requirement for well-trained practitioners, the DxP is all the more essential for graduate students.

In our internal testing, graduate students who used the program to diagnose case studies made diagnoses more accurately and reliably compared to students who did not use it.

In the field, that means these young mental health practitioners can be reliable and helpful to their patients more quickly and with fewer risks of misdiagnosis.

Is there a risk that students might rely on the DxP too much? No, clinical judgment still applies and the diagnostic analysis still needs to be confirmed by the clinician. Furthermore, the DxP can also be used as a learning tool. Throughout each stage of the diagnostic process, there is detailed information available about disorders, scales, sub-criterion, and specifiers. Knowledge is available across the DxP, to help strengthen or refresh one’s psychopathology education.

Research with the DxP

When exploring the DSM-5 for mental health research, the DxP offers a selection of valuable options for additional information to enable better comparison within a group of patients when looking for patterns or correlations. You have the option to export diagnostic data as a CSV (comma-separated variables) file for further analysis. It is possible to export the patient’s demographics and assigned diagnoses, as its psychotic symptoms severity scale record.

The DxP Psychotic Symptoms Severity scale is based on the APA DSM-5 Clinician-Rated Dimensions of Psychosis Symptom Severity, and is presented within the DxP as an optional specifier in many psychotics disorders to monitor the presence and severity of eight psychotic symptoms on a 5-point scale, throughout the psychotic episode.

Notably, the Virtual Psychology toolset provides the foundation for exploring the relations between coded responses to the Rorschach test, DSM diagnoses, and mental disorders. For example, we can search to increase the test nomothetic predictive validity by associating test results, like Constellations, with specific mental disorders or clusters of disorders.

[BUTTON] Subscribe to the DxP now to take full advantage of our DSM-5 diagnostic program.

For more details about the DxP program and its functions, consult our documentation.

February 28, 2023

Rorschach Dataset for Data Science

COVID-19 Rorschach test dataset

COVID-19 Rorschach test dataset

COVID-19 Rorschach test dataset
Responses to the Rorschach test before and after COVID-19
Publication: 2020 - 09 - 25

The dataset includes about half a million worldwide coded responses to the Rorschach inkblots, and is intended to enable research for pre-post-pandemic patterns.

Reading List:

January 1, 2023

About Virtual Psychology

Virtual Psychology is a global community of scientist-practitioners with an interest in the reciprocal relations between psychology and technology. We have strong community bases in North and South America (USA, Argentina, Bolivia), South-Eastern Europe (Italy, Slovenia, Czechia), Northern Europe (Finland), Middle-East (Israel, Iran, Qatar), and Asia (India, Pakistan, China).

Our motivation is to offer innovative tools to mental health clinicians and researchers that enable them to make better and more accurate diagnostic assessments. Why? Because we believe new technology can serve the advancement of mental health. More than that, we are intrigued by the idea of exploring the mind as a computational system, and we perceive computation (hardware, software, and networking) as a reflection (projection) of our human brain’s wetware, cognitions, emotions, and interpersonal connectivity.

So we set our development team to work in order to provide advanced programs that would create a synergy between computer science and clinical psychology. Specifically, creating internet-based computational implementations of mental health diagnostic assessment standards, the Rorschach test, and the DSM-5. 

Virtual Psychology started by providing the RAP, a widely used program for coding and interpretation of the Rorschach inkblots test. Today, the RAP is one of the most popular programs used with the Rorschach test worldwide in various clinical settings: hospitals, clinics, private practices, and universities. During the coronavirus pandemic, we published the COVID-19 Rorschach test dataset. The dataset includes about half a million worldwide coded responses to the inkblots and is intended to enable research for pre-post-pandemic patterns.

Recently, with the RAP+, we extended the program’s interpretation capability. In addition, we presented our new mental health diagnostic program, the DxP. A diagnostic program that derives from the North American psychiatric model of establishing a diagnosis on the base of well-defined criteria. The DxP bridges the gap between advanced computation and traditional clinical work. We are effectively enabling mental health practitioners to be more knowledgeable and precise when applying the DSM-5.